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Fujian
 
Fujian is a province on the southeast coast of China. Fujian borders Zhejiang to the north, Jiangxi to the west, and Guangdong to the south. Taiwan lies to the east, across the Taiwan Strait. The name Fujian came from the combination of Fuzhou and Jian'ou, two cities in Fujian, during the Tang Dynasty. It is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse provinces in China with Han Chinese majority.
Most of Fujian is administered by the People's Republic of China. However, the archipelagos of Kinmen and Matsu are under the control of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Thus, there are two provinces (in the sense of government organizations; PRC's Fujian and ROC's Fujian).
 
Geography

The province is mostly mountainous, and is traditionally described to be "Eight parts mountain, one part water, and one part farmland. The northwest is higher in altitude, with the Wuyi Mountains forming the border between Fujian and Jiangxi. It is the most forested provincial level administrative region in China, with a 62.96% forest coverage rate in 2009. The highest point of Fujian is Huanggang Peak in the Wuyi Mountains, with an altitude of 2157 m.

The Fujian province faces East China Sea to the east, South China Sea to the south, and the Taiwan Strait to the southeast. The coastline is rugged and has many bays and islands. Major islands include Quemoy (controlled by the Republic of China), Haitan Island, and Nanri Island.

The River Min Jiang and its tributaries cut through much of northern and central Fujian. Other rivers include the Jinjiang River and the Jiulong River. Due to its uneven topography, Fujian has many cliffs and rapids.

Fujian is separated from Taiwan by the 180-km-wide Taiwan Strait. Some of the small islands in the Taiwan Strait are also part of the province. Small parts of the province, namely the islands of Quemoy and Matsu, are under the administration of the Republic of China.

Fujian has a subtropical climate, with warm winters. In January the coastal regions average around 7–10 °C while the hills average 6–8 °C. In the summer, temperatures are high, and the province is threatened by typhoons coming in from the Pacific. Average annual precipitation is 1400–2000 mm.

Region Division

#

Name

Hanzi

Hanyu Pinyin

Administrative Seat

Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Fuzhou

???

Fúzh?u Shì

Gulou District

Prefecture-level city

2

Xiamen

???

Xiàmén Shì

Siming District

Sub-provincial city

3

Longyan

???

Lóngyán Shì

Xinluo District

Prefecture-level city

4

Nanping

???

Nánpíng Shì

Yanping District

Prefecture-level city

5

Ningde

???

Nánpíng Shì

Jiaocheng District

Prefecture-level city

6

Putian

???

Pútián Shì

Chengxiang District

Prefecture-level city

7

Quanzhou

???

Quánzh?u Shì

Fengze District

Prefecture-level city

8

Sanming

???

S?nmíng Shì

Sanyuan District

Prefecture-level city

9

Zhangzhou

???

Zh?ngzh?u Shì

Xiangcheng District

Prefecture-level city

 
Educational Instituition
 
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University

Fujian College of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Fujian Medical University

Fujian Normal University

Fujian University of Technology

Fuzhou University

Jimei University

Huaqiao University

Longyan University

Zhangzhou Normal College

Minjiang University

Putian University

Quanzhou Normal College

Wuyi University