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Gan Su
 
 
Gansu is a province located in the northwest of the People's Republic of China. It lies between Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, and the Huangtu plateaus, and borders Mongolia to the north and Xinjiang to the west. The Yellow River passes the southern part of the province.
Gansu has a population of nearly 31 million (2009) and has a large concentration of Hui Chinese, and the historical home, along with Shaanxi of the dialect of the Dungans, who are Hui who migrated to Central Asia. The capital is Lanzhou, located in the southeast part of the province. Gansu is abbreviated Gan or Long, and is also known as Long West or Long Right, in reference to the Long Mountain east of Gansu.
 
Geography
 

Gansu province has an area of 454,000 km², and the majority of its land is more than 1 km above sea level. It lies between the Tibetan Plateau, Inner Mongolia, and the Loess Plateau, and borders Mongolia to the north-west. The Yellow River passes through the southern part of the province. The province contains the geographical center of China, marked by the Center of the County Monument / 35.844694; 103.452083? (Geographical centre of China).

Part of the Gobi Desert is located in Gansu, as well as small parts of the Badain Jaran Desert and Tengger Desert.

The Yellow River gets most of its water from Gansu province. The Yellow River also flows straight through Lanzhou. Area around Wuwei is part of Shiyang River Basin.

The landscape in Gansu is very mountainous in the south and flat in the north. The mountains in the south are part of the Qilian mountain range. At 5,547 meters high, Qilian Shan Mountain is Gansu’s highest elevation. It is located at latitude 39°N and longitude 99°E.

A natural land passage known as Hexi Corridor, stretching some 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) from Lanzhou to the Jade Gate, is situated within Gansu province. It is bound from north by the Gobi Desert and Qilian Mountains from the south.

Gansu has a generally semi-arid to arid, continental climate, with warm summers and very cold winters. Most of the precipitation is concentrated in the summer months.

Neighboring provinces: Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Ningxia.

 

Region Division

#

Name

 

Administrative Seat

Type

 

 

 

 

1

Jiuquan

 

Suzhou District

Prefecture-level city

2

Jiayuguan

 

Jiayuguan

Prefecture-level city

3

Zhangye

 

Ganzhou District

Prefecture-level city

4

Jinchang

 

Jinchuan District

Prefecture-level city

5

Wuwei

 

Liangzhou District

Prefecture-level city

6

Baiyin

 

Baiyin District

Prefecture-level city

7

Lanzhou

 

Chengguan District

Prefecture-level city

8

Linxia (Hui)

Linxia

Autonomous prefecture

9

Gannan (Tibetan)

Hezuo

Autonomous prefecture

10

Dingxi

 

Anding District

Prefecture-level city

11

Longnan

Wudu District

Prefecture-level city

12

Tianshui

Qinzhou District

Prefecture-level city

13

Pingliang

Kongtong District

Prefecture-level city

14

Qingyang

Xifeng District

Prefecture-level city


Educational Instituition
 
Gansu Agricultural University

Gansu University of Technology

Lanzhou Commercial College

Lanzhou Jiaotong University

Lanzhou Polytechnic College

Lanzhou University (Lanzhou)

Lanzhou University of Technology

Northwest Minority University

Northwest Normal University

Northwest University of Nationalities

Tianshui Normal College (Tianshui)