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Guang Dong
 

Guangdong is a province on the southern coast of People's Republic of China. The province was previously often written with the alternative English name Kwangtung Province. It surpassed Henan and Sichuan to become the most populous province in China in January 2005, registering 79 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year. The provincial capital Guangzhou and economic hub Shenzhen are amongst the most populous and important cities in China.

Guangdong is one of China's most prosperous provinces, its GDP has topped the rankings since 1989 amongst all provincial-level divisions. According to provincial annual preliminary statistics, Guangdong's GDP in 2009 reached CNY3,908,159 million, or US$572,121 million, making its economy roughly the same size as that of Turkey or Indonesia. The province contributes approximately 12% of China's national economic output, and is home to the production facilities and offices of a wide-ranging set of multinational and Chinese corporations. Guangdong also hosts the largest Import and Export Fair in China called the Canton Fair in Guangdong's capital city Guangzhou. 
 
 
Geography 

Guangdong faces the South China Sea to the south and has a total of 4,300 km of coastline. Leizhou Peninsula is on the southwestern end of the province. There are a few inactive volcanoes on Leizhou Peninsula. The Pearl River Delta is the convergent point of three upstream rivers: the East River, North River, and West River. The river delta is filled with hundreds of small islands. The province is geographically separated from the north by a few mountain ranges collectively called the Southern Mountain Range. The highest peak in the province is Shikengkong 1,902 meters above sea level.

Guangdong borders Fujian province to the northeast, Jiangxi and Hunan provinces to the north, Guangxi autonomous region to the west, and Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions to the south. Hainan province is offshore across from the Leizhou Peninsula.

Cities around the Pearl River Delta include Dongguan, Foshan, Guangzhou, Huizhou, Jiangmen, Shenzhen, Shunde, Taishan, Zhongshan and Zhuhai. Other cities in the province include Chaozhou, Chenghai, Kaiping, Nanhai, Shantou, Shaoguan, Xinhui, Zhanjiang, Zhaoqing, Yangjiang and Yunfu.

Guangdong has a humid subtropical climate (tropical in the far south), with short, mild, dry, winters and long, hot, wet summers. Average daily highs in Guangzhou in January and July are 18 °C (64 °F) and 33 °C (91 °F) respectively, although the humidity makes it feel much hotter in summer. Frost is rare on the coast but may happen a few days each winter well inland.

Region Division 
 

#

Name

Hanzi

Hanyu Pinyin

Administrative Seat

Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Qingyuan

???

Q?ngyu?n Shì

Qingcheng District

Prefecture-level city

2

Shaoguan

???

Sháogu?n Shì

Zhenjiang District

Prefecture-level city

3

Heyuan

???

Héyuán Shì

Yuancheng District

Prefecture-level city

4

Meizhou

???

Méizh?u Shì

Meijiang District

Prefecture-level city

5

Chaozhou

???

Cháozh?u Shì

Fengxi District

Prefecture-level city

6

Zhaoqing

???

Zhàoqìng Shì

Duanzhou District

Prefecture-level city

7

Yunfu

???

Yúnfú Shì

Yuncheng District

Prefecture-level city

8

Foshan

???

Fósh?n Shì

Chancheng District

Prefecture-level city

9

Guangzhou

???

Gu?ngzh?u Shì

Yuexiu District

Sub-provincial city

10

Dongguan

???

D?nggu?n Shì

Dongguan

Prefecture-level city

11

Huizhou

???

Hùizh?u Shì

Huicheng District

Prefecture-level city

12

Shanwei

???

Shànw?i Shì

Chengqu District

Prefecture-level city

13

Jieyang

???

Ji?yáng Shì

Rongcheng District

Prefecture-level city

14

Shantou

???

Shàntóu Shì

Jinping District

Prefecture-level city

15

Zhanjiang

???

Zhànji?ng Shì

Chikan District

Prefecture-level city

16

Maoming

???

Màomíng Shì

Maonan District

Prefecture-level city

17

Yangjiang

???

Yángji?ng Shì

Jiangcheng District

Prefecture-level city

18

Jiangmen

???

Ji?ngmén Shì

Pengjiang District

Prefecture-level city

19

Zhongshan

???

Zh?ngsh?n Shì

Zhongshan

Prefecture-level city

20

Zhuhai

???

Zh?h?i Shì

Xiangzhou District

Prefecture-level city

21

Shenzhen

???

Sh?nzhèn Shì

Futian District

Sub-provincial city