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He Nan
 
 
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the eastern central part of the country. Its one-character abbreviation is (pinyin: yù), named after Yuzhou Province (Yù Zhu), a Han Dynasty province (zhou) that included parts of Henan. The name Henan means "south of the (Yellow) River" (Huang He).

With nearly 100 million people, Henan is the most populated province of China by residency. It borders Hebei to the north, Shandong to the northeast, Anhui to the southeast, Hubei to the south, Shaanxi to the west, and Shanxi to the northwest.

Henan is often called Zhongyuan or Zhongzhou, literally "central plains" or "midland"; this name is also broadly applied to the entire North China Plain. Henan is traditionally regarded as an important cradle of Chinese civilization.
 
Geography

Henan is flat in the east and mountainous in the west and extreme south. The eastern and central parts of the province form part of the North China Plain. To the northwest the Taihang Mountains intrude partially into Henan's borders; to the west the Qinling Mountains enter Henan from the west and end about halfway across Henan, with branches (such as the Funiu Mountains) extending northwards and southwards. To the far south, the Dabie Mountains separate Henan from neighbouring Hubei province.

Henan shares borders with six other provinces. It is bordered to the west by Shaanxi (northwest) and Hubei (southwest), and to the north by Shanxi (northwest) and Hebei (northeast). To the east lie Shandong (northeast) and Anhui (southeast), whose borders meet at a narrow strip of land which separates Henan from Jiangsu to the east.

The Yellow River passes through northern Henan. It enters from the northwest, via the Sanmenxia Reservoir. After it passes Luoyang, the Yellow River is raised via natural sedimentation and artificial construction onto a levee, higher than the surrounding land. From here onwards, the Yellow River divides the Hai He watershed to the north and the Huai He watershed to the south. The Huai He itself originates in southern Henan. The southwestern corner of Henan, around Nanyang, is part of the drainage basin of the Han Shui River across the border in Hubei.

There are many reservoirs in Henan. Major ones include the Danjiangkou Reservoir on the border with Hubei, the Sanmenxia Reservoir, the Suyahu Reservoir, the Baiguishan Reservoir, the Nanwan Reservoir, and the Banqiao Reservoir.

Henan has a temperate continental climate, with most rainfall in summer. Temperatures average about 0°C in January, and 27 to 28°C in July.

Zhengzhou is the province's capital and most populous city. Other major cities include Kaifeng, Luoyang, Xinxiang, Anyang, Luohe, and Xuchang.
 
Region Division
 
Henan is divided into seventeen prefecture-level divisions – all prefecture-level cities – and one directly administered county-level city.
 

#

Name

 

Administrative Seat

Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Zhengzhou

 

Zhongyuan District

Prefecture-level city

2

Anyang

Beiguan District

Prefecture-level city

3

Hebi

 

Qibin District

Prefecture-level city

4

Jiaozuo

 

Jiefang District

Prefecture-level city

5

Kaifeng

 

Gulou District

Prefecture-level city

6

Luohe

 

Yancheng District

Prefecture-level city

7

Luoyang

Xigong District

Prefecture-level city

8

Nanyang

Wolong District

Prefecture-level city

9

Pingdingshan

Xinhua District

Prefecture-level city

10

Puyang

 

Hualong District

Prefecture-level city

11

Sanmenxia

 

 

Hubin District

Prefecture-level city

12

Shangqiu

 

Liangyuan District

Prefecture-level city

13

Xinxiang

 

Weibin District

Prefecture-level city

14

Xinyang

 

Shihe District

Prefecture-level city

15

Xuchang

 

Weidu District

Prefecture-level city

16

Zhoukou

 

Chuanhui District

Prefecture-level city

17

Zhumadian

 

Yicheng District

Prefecture-level city

18

Jiyuan

Jiyuan

Sub-prefecture-level city
 
 
Educational Instituition
 

Zhengzhou University

Henan University

Henan Normal University

Henan University of Technology

Henan Agricultural University 

Henan Medical University

Henan College of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Henan University of Science and Technology

Kaifeng University

Xinxiang University

Huanghe Science and Technology University

Nanyang Institute of Technology

North China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power

Shangqiu Normal University

Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management

Zhengzhou University of Light Industry
Zhongyuan Institute of Technology

Henan Polytechnic

Jiaozuo Institute of Technology

Anyang Teacher's College

Zhengzhou Grain University

Zhengzhou University of Technology

Zhengzhou Textile Institute

Zhengzhou College of Animal Husbandry Engineering

Luo Yang Institute of Technology

Pingdingshan Normal College

Xinyang Teachers College

Xinxiang Medical University

Henan Vocational Technical Teacher's College

Nanyang Teachers College