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Ji Lin
 

Jilin is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. Jilin borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west. The name was transliterated to Kirin before standardization to pinyin.

The name "Jilin" probably originates from Girin ula, a Manchu term meaning "along the river"; this was transcribed into Jilin wula in Chinese, then shortened to Jilin. The literal meaning of the Chinese characters for "Jilin" is "auspicious forest".
 
Geography

Jilin lies in the central part of northeastern China, bordering Russia and North Korea in the east and southeast respectively. Jilin has a total area of 190,000 square kilometers and a total population of 27.3 million. Its capital is Changchun, which lies 113 kilometers west of Jilin city. Jilin province is rich in natural mineral deposits with 136 different types of minerals, of which 70 have already been extracted. Jilin has abundance of Traditional Chinese medicine resources, with approximately 27,000 kinds of wild plants and 9,000 kinds of medicinal herbs. Also the province is rich in large reserves of oil, gas, coal, iron mine, nickel, molybdenum, talc, graphite, gypsum, cement rock, gold and silver; its reserves of oil shale are the largest in the country.

Jilin is highest in altitude in the southeast, and drops gently towards the northwest. The Changbai Mountains run through its southeastern regions, and contains the highest peak of the province, Baiyun Peak at 2691 m. Other mountain ranges include the Jilinhada Mountains, Zhang Guangcai Mountains, and Longgang Mountains.

Jilin is drained by the Yalu and Tumen Rivers in the extreme southwest (which together form the border between the People's Republic of China and North Korea), by tributaries of the Liao River along the southern border, and by the Songhua and Nen rivers, both eventually flowing into the Amur.

Jilin has a northerly continental monsoon climate, with long, cold winters and short, warm summers. Average January temperatures range from -20 to -14°C. Rainfall averages at 350 to 1000 mm.
 
Region Division
 

#

Name

Administrative Seat

Type

 

 

 

 

1

Changchun

Chaoyang District

Prefecture-level city

2

Baicheng

Taobei District

Prefecture-level city

3

Baishan

Badaojiang District

Prefecture-level city

4

Jilin

Chuanying District

Prefecture-level city

5

Liaoyuan

Longshan District

Prefecture-level city

6

Siping

Tiexi District

Prefecture-level city

7

Songyuan

Ningjiang District

Prefecture-level city

8

Tonghua

Dongchang District

Prefecture-level city

9

Yanbian (Korean)

Yanji

Autonomous Prefecture

 
 
Educational Instituition
 

Jilin University

Northeast Normal University

Jilin Agricultural University

Jilin Normal University

Changchun Normal University

Changchun University of Science and Technology

Changchun University of Technology

Changchun University

Changchun Taxation College

Yanbian University of Science & Technology

Yanbian University

Northeast China Institute of Electric Power Engineering

Jilin College of Electrification

Changchun Institute of Post & Telecommunications

Changchun Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics