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Liao Ning
 
 
 

Liaoning is a northeastern province of the People's Republic of China. Its one-character abbreviation is Liao.

"Liáo" is an ancient name for this region, which was adopted by the Liao Dynasty (Khitan Empire) which ruled this area between 907 and 1125. "Níng" means "peacefulness". The modern province was established in 1907 as Fengtian province and the name was changed to Liaoning in 1929. Under the Japanese puppet Manchukuo regime, the province reverted to its 1907 name, but the name Liaoning was restored in 1945.

Liaoning is located in the southern part of China's Northeast. Liaoning often called "the Golden Triangle" because of its superior geographical location, borders the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay) and the Bohai Sea in the south, North Korea in the southeast, Jilin Province to the northeast, Hebei Province to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.

The Yalu River marks the border between North Korea and the Chinese provinces of Jilin and Liaoning. It empties into the Korea Bay between Dandong (Liaoning) and (North Korea).
 
Geography

It is possible to think of Liaoning as three approximate geographical regions: the highlands in the west, plains in the middle, and hills in the east.

The highlands in the west are dominated by the Nulu'erhu Mountains, which roughly follow the border between Liaoning and Inner Mongolia. The entire region is dominated by low hills.

The central part of Liaoning consists of the watersheds of rivers such as the Liao, Daliao, and their tributaries. This region is mostly flat and at low altitudes.

The eastern part of Liaoning is dominated by the Changbai Shan and Qianshan ranges, which extends into the sea to form the Liaodong Peninsula. The highest point in Liaoning, Mount Huabozi (1336 m), is found in this region.

Liaoning has a continental monsoon climate, and rainfall averages to about 440 to 1130 mm annually. Summer is rainy while the other seasons are dry.
 
Region Division
 
Liaoning is composed of fourteen prefecture-level cities:
 

#

Name

Administrative Seat

Type

 

 

 

 

1

Shenyang

Shenhe District

Sub-provincial city

2

Dalian

Xigang District

Sub-provincial city

3

Anshan

Tiedong District

Prefecture-level city

4

Benxi

Pingshan District

Prefecture-level city

5

Chaoyang

Shuangta District

Prefecture-level city

6

Dandong

Zhenxing District

Prefecture-level city

7

Fushun

Shuncheng District

Prefecture-level city

8

Fuxin

Haizhou District

Prefecture-level city

9

Huludao

Longgang District

Prefecture-level city

10

Jinzhou

Taihe District

Prefecture-level city

11

Liaoyang

Baita District

Prefecture-level city

12

Panjin

Xinglongtai District

Prefecture-level city

13

Tieling

Yinzhou District

Prefecture-level city

14

Yingkou

Zhanqian District

Prefecture-level city
 
 
Educational Instituition
 

Under the national Ministry of Education:

Northeastern University

Dalian University of Technology

Under various other national agencies:

China Criminal Police College

Dalian Maritime University

Dalian Nationalities University

Under the provincial government:

China Medical University

Anshan Univers* Liaoning Normal University

Liaoning Technical University

Liaoning University

Liaoning University of Petroleum and Chemical Technology

Shenyang Agricultural University 

Shenyang Institute of Aeronautical Engineering 

Shenyang Institute of Chemical Technology

Shenyang Jianzhu University

Shenyang Ligong University

Shenyang Pharmaceutical University

Shenyang University

Shenyang University of Technology

University of Science and Technology

Anshan Normal University

Bohai University

Dalian Jiaotong University

Dalian University

Dalian University of Foreign Languages

Dongbei University of Finance and Economics

Liaoning Institute of Technology