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Shan Xi
 
 

 Shanxi is a province in the northern part of the People's Republic of China. Its one-character abbreviation is Jin, after the state of Jin that existed here during the Spring and Autumn Period.

The name Shanxi literally means "mountain's west", which refers to the province's location west of the Taihang Mountains. Shanxi borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the north. The capital of the province is Taiyuan.
 
Geography

Shanxi is located on a plateau made up of higher ground to the east (Taihang Mountains) and the west (Lüliang Mountains) and a series of valleys in the center through which the Fen River runs. The highest peak is Mount Wutai (Wutai Shan) in northeastern Shanxi at an altitude of 3058 m. The Great Wall of China forms most of the northern border of ShanXi with Inner Mongolia.

The Huang He (Yellow River) forms the western border of Shanxi with Shaanxi. The Fen and Qin rivers, tributaries of the Huang He, run north-to-south through the province, and drain much of its area. The north of the province is drained by tributaries of the Hai River, such as Sanggan and Hutuo rivers. The largest natural lake in Shanxi is Xiechi Lake, a salt lake near Yuncheng in southwestern Shanxi.

Shanxi has a continental monsoon climate, and is rather arid. Average January temperatures are below 0 °C, while average July temperatures are around 21 - 26 °C. Winters are long, dry, and cold, while summer is warm and humid. Spring is extremely dry and prone to dust storms. Shanxi is one of the sunniest parts of China; early summer heat waves are common. Annual precipitation averages around 350–700 mm, with 60% of it concentrated between June and August.
 
Region Division
 
Shanxi is divided into eleven prefecture-level divisions, all of them prefecture-level cities
 

#

Name

 

Hanyu Pinyin

Administrative Seat

 

 

 

 

 

1

Taiyuan

Tàiyuán Shì

Xinghualing District

2

Changzhi

Chángzhì Shì

Chengqu District

3

Datong

Dàtóng Shì

Chengqu District

4

Jincheng

Jìnchéng Shì

Chengqu District

5

Jinzhong

Jìnzhng Shì

Yuci District

6

Linfen

Línfén Shì

Yaodu District

7

Lüliang

Lliáng Shì

Lishi District

8

Shuozhou

Shuòzhu Shì

Shuocheng District

9

Xinzhou

Xnzhu Shì

Xinfu District, Xinzhou

10

Yangquan

Yángquán Shì

Chengqu District

11

Yuncheng

Yùnchéng Shì

Yanhu District

 
 
Educational Instituition
 

Major Post-Secondary institutes in Shanxi include:

Changzhi College 

Changzhi Medical College

Datong University

Jinzhong College

Lvliang Higher College

North China University of Science and Technology

Shanxi Agricultural University

Shanxi College of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Shanxi Medical University

Shanxi Teachers University also called Shanxi Normal University

Shanxi University

Shanxi University of Finance and Economics

North China University

Taiyuan Normal University

Taiyuan University of Science and Technology

Taiyuan University of Technology

Xinzhou Teachers University

Yuncheng University

Major Secondary Schools in Shanxi include:

Taiyuan No.5 High school

Taiyuan No.10 High school

Shanxi Experimental Secondary School