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Yunnan
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Yunnan literally "South of the Clouds") is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country spanning approximately 394,000 square kilometers (152,000 square miles). The capital of the province is Kunming. The province borders Myanmar (Burma), Laos, and Vietnam.

Yunnan is situated in a mountainous area, with high elevations in the northwest and low elevations in the southeast. Most of the population lives in the eastern part of the province. In the west, the relative height from mountain peaks to river valleys can be as much as 3,000 m. Yunnan is rich in natural resources and has the largest diversity of plant life in China. Of the approximately 30,000 species of higher plants in China, Yunnan has over 17,000. Yunnan's reserves of aluminium, lead, zinc and tin are the largest in China, and there are also major reserves of copper and nickel. Yunnan has over 600 rivers and lakes, which provide an annual water supply of 222 billion cubic meters. Projected hydropower reserves stand at 103 GW, with an exploitable capacity of 90 GW.

Yunnan became part of the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) during 2nd century BC. It became the seat of a Tibeto-Burman speaking kingdom known as Nanzhao in the 8th century. Nanzhao was multi-ethnic, but the elite most likely spoke a language close to Yi and modern Burmese. The Mongols conquered the region in the 13th century, with local control exercised by warlords until the 1930s. As with other parts of China's southwest, Japanese occupation in the north during World War II forced a migration of Chinese into the region. Ethnic minorities in Yunnan account for about 34 percent of its total population. Major ethnic groups include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao.
 
Geography
 
Yunnan is the most southwestern province in China, with the Tropic of Cancer running through its southern part. The province has an area of 394,000 square km, 4.1% of the nation's total. The northern part of the province forms part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. The province borders Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guizhou Province in the east, Sichuan Province in the north, and Tibet Autonomous Region in the northwest. It shares a border of 4,060 km with Burma in the west, Laos in the south, and Vietnam in the southeast.
 
Region Division
Yunnan consists of sixteen prefecture-level divisions

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Name

Hanzi

Hanyu Pinyin

Administrative Seat

Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Kunming

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K?nmíng Shì

Panlong District

Prefecture-level city

2

Qujing

???

Q?jìng Shì

Qilin District

Prefecture-level city

3

Yuxi

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Yùx? Shì

Hongta District

Prefecture-level city

4

Baoshan

???

B?osh?n Shì

Longyang District

Prefecture-level city

5

Zhaotong

???

Zh?ot?ng Shì

Zhaoyang District

Prefecture-level city

6

Lijiang

???

Lìji?ng Shì

Gucheng District

Prefecture-level city

7

Pu'er

???

Q?jìng Shì

Simao District

Prefecture-level city

8

Lincang

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Línc?ng Shì

Linxiang District

Prefecture-level city

9

Dehong (Dai & Jingpo)

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Déhóng D?izú J?ngp?zú Zìzhìzh?u

Luxi

Autonomous prefecture

10

Nujiang (Lisu)

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Nùji?ng Lìsùzú Zìzhìzh?u

Lushui County

Autonomous prefecture

11

Diqing (Tibetan)

???????

Díqìng Zàngzú Zìzhìzh?u

Shangri-La County

Autonomous prefecture

12

Dali (Bai)

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Dàl? Báizú Zìzhìzh?u

Dali City

Autonomous prefecture

13

Chuxiong (Yi)

???????

Ch?xióng Yízú Zìzhìzh?u

Chuxiong City

Autonomous prefecture

14

Honghe (Hani & Yi)

??????????

Hónghé H?nízú Yízú Zìzhìzh?u

Mengzi County

Autonomous prefecture

15

Wenshan (Zhuang & Miao)

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Wénsh?n Zhuàngzú Miáozú Zìzhìzh?u

Wenshan County

Autonomous prefecture

16

Xishuangbanna (Dai)

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X?shu?ngb?nnà D?izú Zìzhìzh?u

Jinghong City

Autonomous prefecture